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Issue 44, 2011
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Morphology-controllable graphene–TiO2 nanorod hybrid nanostructures for polymer composites with high dielectric performance

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Abstract

High permittivity polymer-based materials are highly desirable due to their inherent advantages of being easy to process, flexible and light weight. Herein, a new strategy for the development of polymer composites with high permittivity and low dielectric loss has been proposed based on morphology-controllable graphene–TiO2 nanorod hybrid nanostructures. These hybrid nanostructures possess large aspect ratio, high surface area and high electric conductivity graphene sheets, which provide ideal electrodes in the construction of microcapacitors. In addition, the morphology-controllable TiO2 nanorod decoration effectively prevents direct contact between the graphene sheets in the composite, which give advantages for forming a large microcapacitor network and suppressing the leakage current. As a consequence, a polystyrene composite with 10.9 vol% graphene–TiO2 nanorod sheets exhibits a very high permittivity of 1741 at 102 Hz, which is 643 times higher than the value for pure polystyrene (2.7), and low dielectric loss (tanα) of only 0.39. The permittivity of the composites can be controlled by controlling the amount of nanorod decoration on the graphene substrates, which provides a new pathway for tuning the permittivity of polymer composites. We expect that our strategy of controlling filler interface will be applied to acquire more polymer composites with high permittivity and low dielectric loss.

Graphical abstract: Morphology-controllable graphene–TiO2 nanorod hybrid nanostructures for polymer composites with high dielectric performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Jun 2011, accepted on 02 Sep 2011 and first published on 06 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM12903A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 17729-17736
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    Morphology-controllable graphene–TiO2 nanorod hybrid nanostructures for polymer composites with high dielectric performance

    C. Wu, X. Huang, L. Xie, X. Wu, J. Yu and P. Jiang, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 17729
    DOI: 10.1039/C1JM12903A

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