Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 33, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Template-free fabrication and growth mechanism of uniform (BiO)2CO3 hierarchical hollow microspheres with outstanding photocatalytic activities under both UV and visible light irradiation

Author affiliations

Abstract

The morphology-controlled fabrication of nano-/microstructured functional materials has opened up new possibilities to enhance their physical and chemical properties and remains a great challenge. This work represents a one-pot template-free fabrication and growth mechanism of novel rose-like uniform (BiO)2CO3 hierarchical hollow microspheres, which are self-assembled by single-crystal nanosheets. The observation of time-dependent evolution of crystal structure and morphology revealed that the growth mechanism of such a novel structure might involve a unique multistep pathway. First, an amorphous particle was formed during a nucleation and aggregation process. Then, the intermediate (BiO)4CO3(OH)2 of embryonic stacked buds with attached particles were produced due to Ostwald ripening. The driving force for the formation of such embryonic structure is the intrinsic dipole field introduced by the nanosheets as a result of selective adsorption of the citrate ions on some polar surfaces of the nanoparticles. Subsequently, all the particles were consumed and (BiO)4CO3(OH)2 crystals started to transform to (BiO)2CO3 phase by means of repeated reaction-dissolution-recrystallization process in a homocentric layer-by-layer growth style, where carbonate ions substituted OH groups. Monodisperse buds were then generated and the size of the hollow in the center becomes smaller to reduce surface energy. Finally, all (BiO)4CO3(OH)2 transformed to (BiO)2CO3 phase and uniform monodisperse (BiO)2CO3 roses were produced through layers splitting driven by the OH group deintercalating from the interlayer spaces of (BiO)4CO3(OH)2. More interestingly, the novel (BiO)2CO3 microspheres exhibited outstanding activities under both UV and visible light irradiation for indoor NO removal, far exceeding that of commercial P25, synthetic C-doped TiO2 and (BiO)2CO3 with particle morphology due to the special hierarchical morphology and band gap structure.

Graphical abstract: Template-free fabrication and growth mechanism of uniform (BiO)2CO3 hierarchical hollow microspheres with outstanding photocatalytic activities under both UV and visible light irradiation

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 27 Apr 2011, accepted on 14 Jun 2011 and first published on 19 Jul 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM11840D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 12428-12436
  •   Request permissions

    Template-free fabrication and growth mechanism of uniform (BiO)2CO3 hierarchical hollow microspheres with outstanding photocatalytic activities under both UV and visible light irradiation

    F. Dong, W. Ho, S. C. Lee, Z. Wu, M. Fu, S. Zou and Y. Huang, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 12428
    DOI: 10.1039/C1JM11840D

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements