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Issue 34, 2011
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The use of combinatorial aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for the formation of gallium-indium-oxide thin films

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Abstract

We describe a novel combinatorial aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (cAACVD) technique to deposit gallium-doped indium oxide thin films. The oxide films, GaxIn2-xO3 (where x = 0.4–1.6) were deposited within composition graduated films from the aerosol-assisted CVD of GaMe3, InMe3 and HOCH2CH2OMe. Amorphous Ga2O3 was deposited closest to the inlet from the bubbler containing GaMe3/HOCH2CH2OMe whereas crystalline In2O3 was grown on the substrate closest to the inlet from the bubbler containing InMe3/HOCH2CH2OMe. A range of gallium-indium-oxide compositions, GaxIn2-xO3, were deposited on the substrate in the region between the two inlets. This allowed for a systematic investigation on the effect of doping on gallium and indium oxide and a direct relationship between composition and conductivity of the films was observed. The films were characterised viaX-ray diffraction (XRD) mapping, energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and conductivity measurements. The lattice parameters for crystalline films are sensitive to composition and were determined to range from a = 10.091 to 10.057 Å. This is to our knowledge the first time that a combinatorial aerosol-assisted CVD method has been described. This provides a rapid route to investigate the effect of a dopant on the functional properties of a wide range of materials. Moreover, since it is a solution-based technique, films with a range of compositions could be deposited even if volatile precursors are not available.

Graphical abstract: The use of combinatorial aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for the formation of gallium-indium-oxide thin films

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Apr 2011, accepted on 07 Jun 2011 and first published on 30 Jun 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1JM11606A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 12644-12649
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    The use of combinatorial aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for the formation of gallium-indium-oxide thin films

    C. E. Knapp, A. Kafizas, I. P. Parkin and C. J. Carmalt, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 12644
    DOI: 10.1039/C1JM11606A

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