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Issue 11, 2011
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Perspective on europium activated fine-grained metal molybdate phosphors for solid state illumination

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Abstract

An attempt has been made to synthesize sulfur free Eu3+-activated M1−xMoO4:Eux3+ (M = Zn, Mg, Ca, Ni and Co; x = 0.2) phosphors by an oxalate sol–gel process. The process involves gel formation from solutions of metal nitrates in ethanol, ammonium heptamolybdate tetrahydrate in de-ionized water and oxalic acid in ethanol, digestion for 12 h, drying at 100 °C for 24 h, decomposition in air at 600 °C or above to yield fine grained powder exhibiting different morphologies, viz. distorted spherical agglomerates, dumbbell shaped particles, rectangular bars, faceted particles, ellipsoids or parallelepipeds. The optical absorption bands have been attributed to (i) ligand-to-metal charge transfer (LMCT), i.e., oxygen to molybdenum in the MoO42group and (ii) f–f electron transitions (viz., 7F05L6 at 395 nm and 7F05D2 at 465 nm) of Eu3+ ions upon excitation with a wavelength of ∼395 nm, which occupy non-centrosymmetric metal (M) sites. Eu3+ ions exhibit a strong electric dipole 5D07F2 transition emitting red light at ∼612 nm with quantum efficiency in a 1.0 : 1.7 : 3.2 ratio for M0.8MoO4:Eu0.23+ (M = Mg, Zn and Ca) phosphors, respectively. Further, their CIE coordinates are (x = 0.68 and y = 0.32) close to known values (x = 0.665 and y = 0.331) of Y2O2S:Eu0.053+ red phosphor. Hence, M0.8MoO4:Eu0.23+ (M = Mg, Zn and Ca) phosphor can possibly be a potential alternative to Y2O2S:Eu0.053+ for fabrication of near UV InGaN based light emitting diodes. Yet, another phosphor of composition Co0.8MoO4:Eu0.23+ is shown to have promise for white light emission with its CIE coordinates as x = 0.279 and y = 0.245.

Graphical abstract: Perspective on europium activated fine-grained metal molybdate phosphors for solid state illumination

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Oct 2010, accepted on 21 Dec 2010 and first published on 31 Jan 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM03708G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 3788-3795
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    Perspective on europium activated fine-grained metal molybdate phosphors for solid state illumination

    A. Kumar and J. Kumar, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 3788
    DOI: 10.1039/C0JM03708G

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