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Issue 2, 2011
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3D hierarchically porous ZnO structures and their functionalization by Au nanoparticles for gas sensors

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Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) hierarchically porous nanostructures with controlled morphology and dimensionality represent one kind of important material and have received enormous attention for a series of applications. In this work, 3D hierarchically porous ZnO architectures were synthesized via an amino acid-assisted biomimetic hydrothermal method combined with subsequent calcination. First a basic zinc carbonate (BZC) precursor with a lamellar spherical morphology assembled by interconnected nanosheets was synthesized. By subsequent calcination, the as-obtained BZC precursor can be facilely transformed into porous ZnO with a large surface area of 193.7 m2/g, while maintaining its 3D hierarchical morphology. The 3D hierarchically porous ZnO superstructures are further employed as a support to load Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) to construct hybrid nanomaterials for chemical gas sensors. The AuNP-functionalized 3D hierarchically porous ZnO nanomaterials, combining the high surface accessibility of porous materials and catalytic activity of small AuNPs, demonstrated excellent sensor properties in terms of higher sensitivity and very fast response. Furthermore, it is expected this AuNP-functionalized 3D hierarchically porous nanostructure may provide a new pathway to develop advanced nanomaterials for applications like gas sensors, low temperature CO oxidation and photocatalysis.

Graphical abstract: 3D hierarchically porous ZnO structures and their functionalization by Au nanoparticles for gas sensors

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jun 2010, accepted on 03 Sep 2010 and first published on 22 Oct 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0JM01800G
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2011,21, 349-356
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    3D hierarchically porous ZnO structures and their functionalization by Au nanoparticles for gas sensors

    X. Liu, J. Zhang, L. Wang, T. Yang, X. Guo, S. Wu and S. Wang, J. Mater. Chem., 2011, 21, 349
    DOI: 10.1039/C0JM01800G

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