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Issue 5, 2011
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Highly efficient dehydration of carbohydrates to 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (CMF), 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and levulinic acid by biphasic continuous flow processing

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Abstract

Using a continuous flow reactor, the dehydration of D-fructose and other carbohydrates to 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (1) is achieved in reaction times as short as 60 s. The biphasic flow process allows for high-yielding multigram scale production of CMF (1) which is obtained with excellent purity after a simple extractive work-up. Efficient conversion of D-fructose into 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (2) and levulinic acid (6) is also demonstrated using flow reactor techniques.

Graphical abstract: Highly efficient dehydration of carbohydrates to 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (CMF), 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and levulinic acid by biphasic continuous flow processing

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jan 2011, accepted on 17 Feb 2011 and first published on 11 Mar 2011


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C1GC15107J
Citation: Green Chem., 2011,13, 1114-1117
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    Highly efficient dehydration of carbohydrates to 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (CMF), 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) and levulinic acid by biphasic continuous flow processing

    M. Brasholz, K. von Känel, C. H. Hornung, S. Saubern and J. Tsanaktsidis, Green Chem., 2011, 13, 1114
    DOI: 10.1039/C1GC15107J

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