Nutraceuticals Research Group, School of Biomedical Sciences and Pharmacy, The University of Newcastle, 305CMedical Sciences Building, Callaghan, Australia
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Food Funct., 2011,2, 611-616
12 Jul 2011,
22 Aug 2011
First published online
16 Sep 2011
Intentional weight loss with a reduction in adipose tissue is associated with an improvement in medical complications linked to obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two different weight loss diets on obese individuals (BMI 30–40 kg m−2) for improvements in anthropometric measurements and blood biomarkers. Study 1 comprised a low energy diet (LED) of 5000–6000 kJ d−1 for a slow but steady weight loss over 12 weeks. Study 2 comprised a very low energy diet (VLED) of 3000 kJ d−1 using meal replacements for rapid weight loss over a shorter period of 4 weeks followed by 10 weeks of weight stabilisation to prevent rebound after rapid weight loss. Nutrition information sessions were given to both groups. Fasting blood samples, anthropometric measurements and 3-day food diaries were collected at baseline and again at completion of weight loss, at 12 weeks for LED group and 4 weeks for VLED group. Mean weight loss in the LED group (n = 18) was −3.17 kg (−3.7%) compared to a −6.54 kg (−7%) loss in the VLED group (n = 14) (p < 0.001). The VLEDgroup experienced significantly greater reductions in fat mass, −13.9% compared to −8.9% for the LED group (p < 0.05). Significantly greater reductions in blood glucose (p < 0.05), cholesterol and LDL-C (p < 0.01 for both), and waist circumference (p ≤ 0.05) were noted in VLED compared to those for LED diet. Short-term, rapid weight loss produced the desired ≥5% weight loss suggested to substantially reduce metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity, and to reduce health risks.
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