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Issue 9, 2011
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Nuclear translocation of NF-κB in intact human gut tissue upon stimulation with coffee and roasting products

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Abstract

In the healthy gut, NF-κB is a critical factor of the intestinal immune system, whereas inflammatory bowel diseases are associated with chronic activation of NF-κB. Previous studies indicated that coffee induces nuclear translocation of NF-κB in macrophages, an effect attributed to roasting products. In the present work, coffee extract or roasting products induced nuclear translocation of NF-κB in macrophages, Caco-2 cells, and primary human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (up to fivefold, p < 0.001). Since the effect clearly depended on the cell type, ex vivo experiments were performed with intact human gut tissue from biopsies. The uniformity of the specimens and tissue viability during ex vivo incubation for up to 2 h were verified. Roasting products led to a concentration dependent significant increase of nuclear translocation of NF-κB in human gut tissue (up to 2.85 fold increase, p = 0.0321), whereas coffee extract induced a trend towards higher nuclear NF-κB concentration. NF-κB activation in macrophages and Caco-2 cells by roasting products was significantly blocked by co-incubation with catalase (p = 0.011 and p = 0.024) indicating involvement of H2O2-signaling. Monitoring of extracellular H2O2 indicated that roasting products in coffee constantly generate H2O2 by spontaneous oxygen reduction, which is only partially detoxified by cellular antioxidative systems. Thus, it can be concluded that ex vivo stimulation of intact human gut tissue is a valuable model to study nutritional effects on complex tissue systems. Furthermore, the consumption of coffee and roasting products may be able to induce nuclear NF-κB translocation in the human gut.

Graphical abstract: Nuclear translocation of NF-κB in intact human gut tissue upon stimulation with coffee and roasting products

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2011, accepted on 03 Aug 2011 and first published on 09 Sep 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1FO10055F
Citation: Food Funct., 2011,2, 529-540
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    Nuclear translocation of NF-κB in intact human gut tissue upon stimulation with coffee and roasting products

    T. Sauer, M. Raithel, J. Kressel, S. Muscat, G. Münch and M. Pischetsrieder, Food Funct., 2011, 2, 529
    DOI: 10.1039/C1FO10055F

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