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Issue 10, 2011
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Impact of elevated O3 on visible foliar symptom, growth and biomass of Cinnamomum camphora seedlings under different nitrogen loads

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Abstract

The effects of elevated ozone (O3) and enhanced nitrogen (N) on the growth and biomass of Cinnamomum camphora, a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved tree species, were investigated. The seedlings, supplied with N (NH4NO3 solution) at 0, 30 and 60 kg ha−1 year−1 (simplified as N0, N30, N60, respectively), were exposed to ambient (AA) or elevated O3 (AA + 60 nmol mol−1 and AA + 120 nmol mol−1, designated as AA + 60 and AA + 120, respectively) for the 2009 and 2010 growing seasons. Symptomatic leaf percentages were significantly increased with O3 concentration. AA + 120 significantly decreased the mean leaf size and chlorophyll content of both 2009- and 2010-emerged leaves, inhibited the growth of stem height and basal diameter, and reduced biomass accumulation of all plant parts except for leaves. By comparison, only the chlorophyll content of 2009-emerged leaves and root dry weight were significantly reduced under AA + 60. Specific leaf area, total leaf area and foliar biomass were not affected even at a higher O3 level. On the other hand, N loads, especially N60, exerted significantly positive effects on all variables except mean leaf size and shoot/root ratio. No significant interactions between O3 and N were detected, suggesting that the N supply at ≤60 kg ha−1 year−1 did not significantly modify the response of C. camphora to O3 in terms of seedling growth and biomass accumulation.

Graphical abstract: Impact of elevated O3 on visible foliar symptom, growth and biomass of Cinnamomum camphora seedlings under different nitrogen loads

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2011, accepted on 04 Jul 2011 and first published on 18 Aug 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1EM10305A
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2011,13, 2873-2879
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    Impact of elevated O3 on visible foliar symptom, growth and biomass of Cinnamomum camphora seedlings under different nitrogen loads

    J. Niu, W. Zhang, Z. Feng, X. Wang and Y. Tian, J. Environ. Monit., 2011, 13, 2873
    DOI: 10.1039/C1EM10305A

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