Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 4, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Low-platinum and platinum-free catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction at fuel cell cathodes

Author affiliations

Abstract

Fuel cell reactions invariably involve an oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode, which is one of the main rate-decreasing steps on platinum (Pt)-catalysts in the water formation reaction and energy conversion efficiency in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). The Pt scarcity and cost have led to the development of alternative catalyst materials for fuel cell applications. This paper reviews ORR catalysts with regard to their classification, mechanism, activity and performances. From conventional Pt-based catalysts to non-noble metal or bio-inspired catalysts, we show how significant progresses were made in ORR catalysis.

Graphical abstract: Low-platinum and platinum-free catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction at fuel cell cathodes

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 27 Oct 2010, accepted on 02 Feb 2011 and first published on 08 Mar 2011


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C0EE00601G
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 1238-1254
  •   Request permissions

    Low-platinum and platinum-free catalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction at fuel cell cathodes

    A. Morozan, B. Jousselme and S. Palacin, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 1238
    DOI: 10.1039/C0EE00601G

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements