Solution-phase derived ZnOnanostructures have triggered considerable interest and become the mainstream route to obtain low-cost and large-scale electrode materials for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The article reviews recent progress in liquid-phase synthesis methods for preparing ZnOnanostructures as the photoanodes of the DSSCs. A few classic paradigms and new advancements in the ZnOnanostructures made by our group are demonstrated. The effects of ZnO nanostructured films with different morphologies, prepared by solution-phase approaches, on the performance of DSSCs are discussed. Finally, various liquid-phase methods of ZnOnanostructure synthesis are summarized and compared to allow further exploration of the ways to improve the photoelectric conversion efficiency of DSSCs.
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Energy & Environmental Science
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