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Issue 2, 2011
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Rapid and highly selective conversion of biomass into value-added products in hydrothermal conditions: chemistry of acid/base-catalysed and oxidation reactions

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Abstract

An overview of recent advances in research on selective conversion of carbohydrates into products with hydrothermal chemistry is given. Conversion methods tend to use acid- or base-catalysed reactions and oxidation reactions. Conversion products that can be selectively produced include acetic acid, formic acid, lactic acid, levulinic acid, 5-hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde (HMF) and 2-furaldehyde (2-FA). Future conversion paths and possible new products that can be formed with hydrothermal chemistry include aldol/reverse condensation, dehydration, benzilic acid rearrangement, keto-enol tautomerization, Lobry de Bruyn–Alberda van Ekenstein transformation and oxidation reactions.

Graphical abstract: Rapid and highly selective conversion of biomass into value-added products in hydrothermal conditions: chemistry of acid/base-catalysed and oxidation reactions

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Mar 2010, accepted on 25 Oct 2010 and first published on 22 Nov 2010


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C004268D
Citation: Energy Environ. Sci., 2011,4, 382-397
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    Rapid and highly selective conversion of biomass into value-added products in hydrothermal conditions: chemistry of acid/base-catalysed and oxidation reactions

    F. Jin and H. Enomoto, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 382
    DOI: 10.1039/C004268D

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