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Issue 5, 2011
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Reversible, metal-free hydrogen activation by frustrated Lewis pairs

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Abstract

The Lewis acid cyclohexylbis(pentafluorophenyl)boron 1, which exhibits about 15% lower Lewis acidity in comparison with B(C6F5)3, activates H2 in the presence of the bulky Lewis bases 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (TMP), 1,2,2,6,6-pentamethylpiperidine (PMP), tri-tert-butylphosphine (t-Bu3P) leading in facile reactions at room temperature to heterolytic splitting of dihydrogen and formation of the salts [TMPH][CyBH(C6F5)2] 2, [PMPH][CyBH(C6F5)2] 3 and [t-Bu3PH][CyBH(C6F5)2] 4, which could be dehydrogenated at higher temperatures. The related Lewis acid 1-phenyl-2-[bis(pentafluorophenyl)boryl]ethane 5 exhibiting about 10% lower Lewis acidity than B(C6F5)3 is also capable of splitting H2 in a heterolytic fashion in the presence of TMP, PMP and t-Bu3P yielding [TMPH][PhC2H4BH(C6F5)2] 6, [PMPH][PhC2H4BH(C6F5)2] 7 and [t-Bu3PH][PhC2H4BH(C6F5)2] 8. Under comparable conditions as for 2–4, the dehydrogenations of 6–8 were much slower. 4b and 6 were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction studies.

Graphical abstract: Reversible, metal-free hydrogen activation by frustrated Lewis pairs

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Sep 2010, accepted on 01 Nov 2010 and first published on 15 Dec 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01255F
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2011,40, 1091-1097
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    Reversible, metal-free hydrogen activation by frustrated Lewis pairs

    C. Jiang, O. Blacque, T. Fox and H. Berke, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 1091
    DOI: 10.1039/C0DT01255F

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