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Issue 2, 2011
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Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks

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Abstract

Microwave heating, used in organic chemistry for several decades, has only recently been applied to the preparation of multi-dimensional coordination polymers, more commonly known as metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). Microwave heating allows short reaction times, fast kinetics of crystal nucleation and growth, and high yields of desirable products which can be isolated with few or no secondary products. The most significant developments in the use of microwave heating for the preparation of MOFs are briefly reviewed from this perspective, emphasizing systematic studies of well-characterised materials, which lead to their isolation in large quantities over economically-viable periods of time. Emphasis is given to the growth of nano-sized crystallites which may find direct applications in functional devices.

Graphical abstract: Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jun 2010, accepted on 09 Sep 2010 and first published on 21 Oct 2010


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00708K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2011,40, 321-330
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    Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of Metal–Organic Frameworks

    J. Klinowski, F. A. Almeida Paz, P. Silva and J. Rocha, Dalton Trans., 2011, 40, 321
    DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00708K

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