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Issue 11, 2011
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Transformations of biomass-derived platform molecules: from high added-value chemicals to fuelsvia aqueous-phase processing

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Abstract

Global warming issues and the medium-term depletion of fossil fuel reserves are stimulating researchers around the world to find alternative sources of energy and organic carbon. Biomass is considered by experts the only sustainable source of energy and organic carbon for our industrial society, and it has the potential to displace petroleum in the production of chemicals and liquid transportation fuels. However, the transition from a petroleum-based economy to one based on biomass requires new strategies since the petrochemical technologies, well-developed over the last century, are not valid to process the biomass-derived compounds. Unlike petroleum feedstocks, biomass derived platform molecules possess a high oxygen content that gives them low volatility, high solubility in water, high reactivity and low thermal stability, properties that favour the processing of these resources by catalytic aqueous-phase technologies at moderate temperatures. This tutorial review is aimed at providing a general overview of processes, technologies and challenges that lie ahead for a range of different aqueous-phase transformations of some of the key biomass-derived platform molecules into liquid fuels for the transportation sector and related high added value chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Transformations of biomass-derived platform molecules: from high added-value chemicals to fuelsvia aqueous-phase processing

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2011 and first published on 29 Jun 2011


Article type: Tutorial Review
DOI: 10.1039/C1CS15131B
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011,40, 5266-5281
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    Transformations of biomass-derived platform molecules: from high added-value chemicals to fuelsvia aqueous-phase processing

    J. C. Serrano-Ruiz, R. Luque and A. Sepúlveda-Escribano, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011, 40, 5266
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CS15131B

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