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Issue 28, 2011
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Edge effects, electronic arrangement, and aromaticity patterns on finite-length carbon nanotubes

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Abstract

Previous investigations have revealed that even long carbon nanotubes (CNTs) retain bond patterns that are characterized by the localization of Clar rings. Even for CNTs with 10 nm length, an alternated, oscillating structure of Clar and Kekulé patterning was also found, indicating that these arrangements may possibly persist for even longer nanotubes, given that they are finite. In the present work, we perform a detailed and comprehensive theoretical study of this phenomenon, in order to find the causes that give rise to these patterns. A complete set of CNTs with different chiralities, diameters (up to 2 nm), lengths (up to 10 nm) and endings (capped, uncapped, and tailored endings) was considered for such purposes. The results indicate that the Clar patterning appears not only on armchair CNTs, but also on those with chiral angle values close to 30°, and this results in a stabilization of the structure, when compared with the uniform, zigzag CNTs. This stabilizing effect points to the causes that underlie the three Nakamura CNT types, resulting as the superposition of structures with a maximal number of Clar rings. Although there is a strict dependence on the border shape, the main cause of the bond patterning in long tubes is to be found in the intrinsic wrapping of each CNT, because the type and number of oscillations present in the longest structures do not depend on the particular length. Nevertheless, the three Nakamura types of armchair tubes appear to subsist beyond the appearance of oscillations, because each of these sets evolves in a different manner, and energy properties that link them together. Apart from the geometry, Clar patterning was investigated through NICS (Nucleus Independent Chemical Shifts) measures, which reveal a connection between the Clar rings and a local concentration of aromaticity.

Graphical abstract: Edge effects, electronic arrangement, and aromaticity patterns on finite-length carbon nanotubes

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Mar 2011, accepted on 19 May 2011 and first published on 20 Jun 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CP20672A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 12844-12857
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    Edge effects, electronic arrangement, and aromaticity patterns on finite-length carbon nanotubes

    F. J. Martín-Martínez, S. Melchor and J. A. Dobado, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 12844
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CP20672A

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