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Issue 14, 2011
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Catalysis by metal–organic frameworks: fundamentals and opportunities

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Abstract

Crystalline porous materials are extremely important for developing catalytic systems with high scientific and industrial impact. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) show unique potential that still has to be fully exploited. This perspective summarizes the properties of MOFs with the aim to understand what are possible approaches to catalysis with these materials. We categorize three classes of MOF catalysts: (1) those with active site on the framework, (2) those with encapsulated active species, and (3) those with active sites attached through post-synthetic modification. We identify the tunable porosity, the ability to fine tune the structure of the active site and its environment, the presence of multiple active sites, and the opportunity to synthesize structures in which key–lock bonding of substrates occurs as the characteristics that distinguish MOFs from other materials. We experience a unique opportunity to imagine and design heterogeneous catalysts, which might catalyze reactions previously thought impossible.

Graphical abstract: Catalysis by metal–organic frameworks: fundamentals and opportunities

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Nov 2010, accepted on 13 Dec 2010, published on 14 Jan 2011 and first published online on 14 Jan 2011


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02394A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 6388-6396
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    Catalysis by metal–organic frameworks: fundamentals and opportunities

    M. Ranocchiari and J. A. V. Bokhoven, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 6388
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02394A

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