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Issue 9, 2011
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Enhanced hydrogen release by catalyzed hydrolysis of sodium borohydride–ammonia borane mixtures: a solution-state 11B NMR study

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Abstract

Hydrolysis of mixtures consisting of sodium borohydride NaBH4 (SB) and ammonia borane NH3BH3 (AB) was studied in the absence/presence of a Co catalyst. The kinetics of the H2 evolutions was measured. The reactions were followed in situ by solution-state 11B NMR and the hydrolysis by-products characterized by NMR, XRD and IR. It is demonstrated that the combination of the two compounds gives a synergetic effect. SB rapidly reduces the Co catalyst precursor and the NH4+ ions from AB contribute in the dispersion of the in situ formed Co nanoparticles. As a result, the kinetics of H2 evolution is greatly improved. For instance, a hydrogen generation rate of 29.6 L min−1 g−1(Co) was found for a mixture consisting of 81 wt% NH3BH3, 9 wt% NaBH4 and 10 wt% CoCl2. By 11B NMR, it was showed that the reaction mechanisms are quite trivial. As soon as the Co catalyst forms in situ, SB, rather than AB, hydrolyzes until it is totally converted. Then, the overall hydrolysis continues with that of AB. Both reactions follow a bimolecular Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanism; no reaction intermediates were observed during the process. In fact, SB and AB convert directly into B(OH)4, which comes in equilibrium with a polyborate compound identified as B3O3(OH)4. All of these results are discussed herein.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced hydrogen release by catalyzed hydrolysis of sodium borohydride–ammonia borane mixtures: a solution-state 11B NMR study

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Oct 2010, accepted on 01 Dec 2010 and first published on 04 Jan 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02090G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 3809-3818
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    Enhanced hydrogen release by catalyzed hydrolysis of sodium borohydride–ammonia borane mixtures: a solution-state 11B NMR study

    J. Hannauer, U. B. Demirci, C. Geantet, J. M. Herrmann and P. Miele, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 3809
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02090G

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