Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 10, 2011
Previous Article Next Article

Extended viologen as a source of electric oscillations

Author affiliations


A long organic molecule 1 with five bipyridinium functions separated by benzene rings (extended viologen) undergoes a reversible multi-step electron transfer. Here we show that this decacation accepts electrons at the heterogeneous interface with the occurrence of the periodically changing electric reduction currents. According to the applied bias voltage the observed current–time dependence changes from chaotic through periodic and irregular to sinusoidal and finally to monotonous. A careful choice of the controlling parameters yields the sustained periodic sinusoidal currents lasting for a prolonged time. Oscillations stem from a mutual interplay of the heterogeneous supply of electrons and the homogeneous redox reactions (disproportionation) between the transient redox forms. In difference to many other electrochemical oscillating systems the described oscillations do not require any additional external impedance. The principle of these oscillatory currents may serve as a model of a truly ‘molecular oscillator’.

Graphical abstract: Extended viologen as a source of electric oscillations

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 14 Sep 2010, accepted on 04 Jan 2011 and first published on 19 Jan 2011

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01810D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 4365-4371
  •   Request permissions

    Extended viologen as a source of electric oscillations

    L. Pospíšil, M. Hromadová, N. Fanelli, M. Valášek, V. Kolivoška and M. Gál, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 4365
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01810D

Search articles by author