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Issue 11, 2011
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Conversion of gaseous nitrogen dioxide to nitrate and nitrite on aqueous surfactants

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Abstract

The hydrolytic disproportionation of gaseous NO2 on water's surface (2 NO2 + H2OHONO + NO3 + H+) (R1) has long been deemed to play a key, albeit unquantifiable role in tropospheric chemistry. We recently found that (R1) is dramatically accelerated by anions in experiments performed on aqueous microjets monitored by online electrospray mass spectrometry. This finding let us rationalize unresolved discrepancies among previous laboratory results and suggested that under realistic environmental conditions (R1) should be affected by everpresent surfactants. Herein, we report that NO2(g) uptake is significantly enhanced by cationic surfactants, weakly inhibited by fulvic acid (FA, a natural polycarboxylic acid) and anionic surfactants, and unaffected by 1-octanol. Surfactants appear to modulate interfacial anion coverage via electrostatic interactions with charged headgroups. We show that (R1) should be the dominant mechanism for the heterogeneous conversion of NO2(g) to HONO under typical atmospheric conditions throughout the day. The photoinduced reduction of NO2 into HONO on airborne soot might play a limited role during daytime.

Graphical abstract: Conversion of gaseous nitrogen dioxide to nitrate and nitrite on aqueous surfactants

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Aug 2010, accepted on 07 Jan 2011 and first published on 31 Jan 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01497D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 5144-5149
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    Conversion of gaseous nitrogen dioxide to nitrate and nitrite on aqueous surfactants

    T. Kinugawa, S. Enami, A. Yabushita, M. Kawasaki, M. R. Hoffmann and A. J. Colussi, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 5144
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP01497D

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