We have employed DFT calculations to carry out an accurate analysis of the effect of N- and NH-doping on the visible photocatalytic activity in the cubic In2O3. In the substitutional N-doped In2O3, the 2p impurity states of N induce a red shift in the optical absorption, while in the interstitial N-doping the red shift is dominantly caused by the localized π antibonding states of NO. When a H atom is accompanied by a N impurity in the lattice, the H atom acts as a charge donor and compensates the hole state created by N-doping, thus the energy level of the impurity states is reduced. As a result, the mixing of impurity states and the valence band is enhanced. At the same nitrogen dopant concentration, NH-codoping yields a larger band gap narrowing, especially for the interstitial NH-codoping. The theoretical calculations presented in this work explain well the previous experimental results of the enhanced visible photocatalytic activity in NH-codoped cubic In2O3.
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Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
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