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Issue 7, 2011
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‘Shape effects’ in metal oxide supported nanoscale gold catalysts

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Abstract

We report the activity of shape-controlled metal oxide (CeO2, ZnO and Fe3O4) supported gold catalysts for the steam reforming of methanol (SRM) and the water gas shift (WGS) reactions. Metal oxide nanoshapes, prepared by controlled hydrolysis and thermolysis methods, expose different crystal surfaces, and consequently disperse and stabilize gold differently. We observe that similar to gold supported on CeO2 shapes exposing the {110} and {111} surfaces, gold supported on the oxygen-rich ZnO {0001} and Fe3O4 {111} surfaces shows higher activity for the SRM and WGS reactions. While the reaction rates vary among the AuCeO2, AuZnO and AuFe3O4 shapes, the apparent activation energies are similar, indicating a common active site. TPR data further indicate that the reaction lightoff coincides with the activation of Au–O–M species on the surface of all three oxide supports evaluated here. Different shapes contain a different number of binding sites for the gold, imparting different overall activity.

Graphical abstract: ‘Shape effects’ in metal oxide supported nanoscale gold catalysts

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Oct 2010, accepted on 20 Dec 2010 and first published on 17 Jan 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02009E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011,13, 2517-2527
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    ‘Shape effects’ in metal oxide supported nanoscale gold catalysts

    M. B. Boucher, S. Goergen, N. Yi and M. Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2011, 13, 2517
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP02009E

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