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Issue 22, 2011
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Influence of polymer chemistry on crystal growth inhibition of two chemically diverse organic molecules

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to understand how different polymers affect the crystal growth rates of two chemically diverse organic drug molecules (bifonazole and nimesulide) from the undercooled melt regime close to the glass transition temperature. Bifonazole is an antifungal drug that contains no traditional hydrogen bond donors, only acceptors. In contrast, nimesulide contains both hydrogen bond donor and acceptor groups. Therefore, the potential hydrogen bonding interactions with polymers vary between the two compounds. For bifonazole, poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS), poly(vinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate) (PVP/VA) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) were investigated, while for nimesulide, PVP, PVP/VA and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) were probed. Polymers were incorporated at a level of 5%w/w by cryomilling followed by melt quenching. Linear crystal growth rates in the presence and absence of polymers were measured as a function of temperature (18–100 °C for bifonazole and 18–80 °C for nimesulide) using optical microscopy. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and infrared spectroscopy were performed for further characterization. All of the polymers decreased the growth rates of both drugs, however large differences could be observed between polymers in terms of the extent of crystal growth inhibition. For bifonazole, PAA was a notably better crystal growth inhibitor compared to the other polymers. This may be related to formation of specific interactions between the drug and the polymer. For nimesulide, the order of effectiveness was PVP∼PVP/VA>PVAc and, compared to bifonazole, differences seen between polymers were more modest. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy and density functional calculations strongly suggested that amorphous nimesulide formed an intramolecular hydrogen bond. IR spectroscopy showed that drug-polymer intermolecular hydrogen bonding did occur, but was hampered by the partial loss of the hydrogen bond donor to the intramolecular hydrogen bond. Hence the effectiveness of a polymer appears to depend not only on the chemistry of the drug, but also on the availability of hydrogen bonding groups.

Graphical abstract: Influence of polymer chemistry on crystal growth inhibition of two chemically diverse organic molecules

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Jul 2011, accepted on 12 Aug 2011 and first published on 07 Sep 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1CE05822C
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2011,13, 6712-6718
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    Influence of polymer chemistry on crystal growth inhibition of two chemically diverse organic molecules

    U. S. Kestur, B. Van Eerdenbrugh and L. S. Taylor, CrystEngComm, 2011, 13, 6712
    DOI: 10.1039/C1CE05822C

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