The polymorphism and solvate formation of thiophanate-ethyl (TE), a fungicidal active, were investigated by solventcrystallization and compared to a close analogue, thiophanate-methyl (TM). Four polymorphs and seven solvates of TE were found and structurally compared with the previously found two polymorphs and fourteen solvates of TM by analyzing the hydrogen bonding patterns and using fingerprint plots, packing coefficients and lattice energies. TE and TM have the same functional groups that can build identical supramolecular synthons. Despite the strong similarities, the polymorphs and solvates of the two actives show significant differences in hydrogen bonding and packing. The results demonstrate the challenges in using a supramolecular synthon approach, and promote the importance in finding methods to also make use of packing effects and lipophilic interactions in crystal engineering.
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