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Issue 1, 2011
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A time-resolved diffraction study of a window of stability in the synthesis of a copper carboxylate metal–organic framework

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Abstract

An in situ, time-resolved energy dispersive powder X-ray diffraction study of the solvothermal crystallisation of the copper(II) 4,4′,4″-benzene-1,3,5-triyl-tris(benzoate) metal–organic framework MOF-14 shows how reaction conditions must be carefully chosen to allow successful preparation of the material, since on prolonged heating at ≥120 °C the material irreversibly collapses into Cu2O under solvothermal conditions in less than 2 hours. This situation is in contrast to the related Cu(II)-containing metal–organic framework HKUST-1, which shows solvothermal stability over similar temperatures and reaction times. The kinetics of crystallisation of both MOFs are examined using a mathematical model proposed by Gualtieri for zeolite crystallisation: this allows separation of the nucleation and growth regimes to yield two rate constants. Arrhenius analysis gives activation energies that reveal in both cases the crystallisations are nucleation controlled. For MOF-14 we can additionally simulate its decomposition as dissolution of the first-formed interpenetrating structure: this produces a complete picture of the solvothermal stability of MOF-14 as nucleation-growth crystallisation, with some evidence of secondary nucleation, followed by dissolution.

Graphical abstract: A time-resolved diffraction study of a window of stability in the synthesis of a copper carboxylate metal–organic framework

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The article was received on 12 Aug 2010, accepted on 08 Sep 2010 and first published on 01 Oct 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CE00530D
Citation: CrystEngComm, 2011,13, 103-108
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    A time-resolved diffraction study of a window of stability in the synthesis of a copper carboxylate metal–organic framework

    F. Millange, R. El Osta, M. E. Medina and R. I. Walton, CrystEngComm, 2011, 13, 103
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CE00530D

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