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Issue 7, 2011
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Stirring the porphyrin alphabet soup—functionalization reactions for porphyrins

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Abstract

Advances in the synthesis of unsymmetrically meso substituted porphyrins are based on the development of new total syntheses and porphyrin functionalization methods. These methods have replaced earlier mixed condensation reactions and give synthetic access to almost any desired meso-substituted porphyrin. They include the complete series of porphyrin homologues and regioisomers of the Ax-series with either alkyl or aryl residues, and numerous examples of ABCD-type chromophores. The syntheses are based on a combination of classic functionalization reactions, the use of organolithium reagents in SNAr reactions, and organometallic reactions with Pd, Ni, Cr, Ru, B, and Sn catalysis. This feature article gives an account of our work in the past decade to develop synthetic methods for the Ax- and ABCD-type porphyrins and their use as optical materials and photosensitizers.

Graphical abstract: Stirring the porphyrin alphabet soup—functionalization reactions for porphyrins

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Sep 2010, accepted on 23 Nov 2010 and first published on 10 Jan 2011


Article type: Feature Article
DOI: 10.1039/C0CC03984E
Citation: Chem. Commun., 2011,47, 1943-1960
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    Stirring the porphyrin alphabet soup—functionalization reactions for porphyrins

    M. O. Senge, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 1943
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CC03984E

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