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Issue 23, 2011
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High contrast images of uterine tissue derived using Raman microspectroscopy with the empty modelling approach of multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares

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Abstract

Approaches that allow one to rapidly understand tissue structure and functionality in situ remain to be developed. Such techniques are required in many instances, including where there is a need to remove with a high degree of confidence positive tumour margins during surgical excision. As biological tissue has little contrast, gold standard confirmation of surgical margins is conventionally undertaken by histopathological diagnosis of tissue architecture viaoptical microscopy. Vibrational spectroscopy techniques, when coupled to sophisticated computational analyses, are capable of constructing bio-molecular contrast images of unstained tissue. To assess the relative applicability of a range of candidate algorithms to distinguish the in situ bio-molecular structures of a complex tissue, the empty modelling approach of multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) was compared to hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) or principal component analysis (PCA). Such chemometric analyses were applied to Raman images of benign (tumour-adjacent) endometrium, stage I and stage II endometrioid cancer. Re-constructed images from the in situ bio-molecular tissue architectures highlighted features associated with glandular epithelium, stroma, glandular lumen and myometrium. Of the tested chemometric analyses, MCR-ALS provided the best bio-molecular contrast images, superior to those derived following HCA or PCA, with clear and defined margins of histological features. Iteratively-resolved spectra identified wavenumbers responsible for the contrast image. Wavenumbers 1234 cm−1 (Amide III), 1390 cm−1 (CH3 bend), 1675 cm−1 (Amide I/lipid), 1275 cm−1 (Amide III), 918 cm−1 (proline) and 936 cm−1 (proline, valine and proteins) were responsible for generating the majority of the contrast within MCR-ALS-generated images. Applications of sophisticated computational analyses coupled with vibrational spectroscopy techniques have the potential to lend novel functionality insights into bio-molecular structures in vivo.

Graphical abstract: High contrast images of uterine tissue derived using Raman microspectroscopy with the empty modelling approach of multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Aug 2011, accepted on 21 Sep 2011 and first published on 11 Oct 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1AN15717E
Citation: Analyst, 2011,136, 4950-4959
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    High contrast images of uterine tissue derived using Raman microspectroscopy with the empty modelling approach of multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares

    I. I. Patel, J. Trevisan, G. Evans, V. Llabjani, P. L. Martin-Hirsch, H. F. Stringfellow and F. L. Martin, Analyst, 2011, 136, 4950
    DOI: 10.1039/C1AN15717E

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