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Issue 8, 2011
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Use of ion pairing reagents for sensitive detection and separation of phospholipids in the positive ion mode LC-ESI-MS

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Abstract

Phospholipids make up one of the more important classes of biological molecules. Because of their amphipathic nature and their charge state (e.g., negatively charged or zwitterionic) detection of trace levels of these compounds can be problematic. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is used in this study to detect very small amounts of these analytes by using the positive ion mode and pairing them with fifteen different cationic ion pairing reagents. The phospholipids used in this analysis were phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylserine (PS), phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidic acid (PA), 1,2-diheptanoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DHPC), cardiolipin (CA) and sphingosyl phosphoethanolamine (SPE). The analysis of these molecules was carried out in the single ion monitoring (SIM) positive mode. In addition to their detection, a high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method was developed in which the phospholipids were separated and detected simultaneously within a very short period of time. Separation of phospholipids was developed in the reverse phase mode and in the hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) mode HPLC. Their differences and impact on the sensitivity of the analytes are compared and discussed further in the paper. With this technique, limits of detection (LODs) were very easily recorded at low ppt (ng Lāˆ’1) levels with many of the cationic ion pairing reagents used in this study.

Graphical abstract: Use of ion pairing reagents for sensitive detection and separation of phospholipids in the positive ion mode LC-ESI-MS

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Nov 2010, accepted on 23 Jan 2011 and first published on 18 Feb 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0AN00848F
Citation: Analyst, 2011,136, 1586-1593
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    Use of ion pairing reagents for sensitive detection and separation of phospholipids in the positive ion mode LC-ESI-MS

    E. Dodbiba, C. Xu, T. Payagala, E. Wanigasekara, M. H. Moon and D. W. Armstrong, Analyst, 2011, 136, 1586
    DOI: 10.1039/C0AN00848F

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