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Issue 19, 2011
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Three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic focusing for continuous sampling and analysis of adherent cells

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Abstract

A simple three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic focusing microfluidic device integrated with continuous sampling, rapid dynamic lysis, capillary electrophoretic (CE) separation and detection of intracellular content is presented. One of the major difficulties in microfluidic cell analysis for adherent cells is that the cells are prone to attaching to the channel surface. To solve this problem, a cross microfluidic chip with three sheath-flow channels located on both sides of and below the sampling channel was developed. With the three sheath flows around the sample solution-containing cells, the formed soft fluid wall prevents the cells from adhering to the channel surface. Labeled cells were 3D hydrodynamically focused by the sheath-flow streams and smoothly introduced into the cross-section one by one. The introduction of sheath-flow streams not only ensured single-cell sampling but avoided blockage of the sampling channel by adherent cells as well. The maximum rate for introduction of individual cells into the separation channel was about 151 cells min−1. With electric field applied on the separation channel, the aligned cells were driven into the separation channel and rapidly lysed within 400 ms at the entry of the channel by sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) added in the sheath-flow solution. The microfluidic system was evaluated by analysis of reduced glutathione (GSH) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in single HepG2 cells. The average analysis throughput of ROS and GSH in single cells was 16–18 cells min−1.

Graphical abstract: Three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic focusing for continuous sampling and analysis of adherent cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jan 2011, accepted on 10 Jun 2011 and first published on 25 Jul 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C1AN15019G
Citation: Analyst, 2011,136, 3877-3883
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    Three-dimensional (3D) hydrodynamic focusing for continuous sampling and analysis of adherent cells

    C. Xu, M. Wang and X. Yin, Analyst, 2011, 136, 3877
    DOI: 10.1039/C1AN15019G

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