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Issue 9, 2010
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One, two, and three methylene phosphonic acid groups (–CH2PO3H2) on a mesitylene ring: synthesis, characterization and aspects of supramolecular aggregation

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Abstract

The ease of substitution of –CH2Br group on the mesitylene ring in a stepwise manner has been exploited to prepare mesitylene mono-, bis-, and tris-methylene phosphonic acids C6H2Me3(CH2PO3H2) (1), C6HMe3(CH2PO3H2)2 (2), and C6Me3(CH2PO3H2)3 (3) in 80–90% yield, through a Michaelis–Arbuzov reaction followed by acid hydrolysis. Compounds 1–4 have been characterized by analytical and spectroscopic (IR, NMR, and MS) techniques. The X-ray structural investigations on all the three compounds reveal that the central mesitylene ring is a robust platform for hosting multiple methylene phosphonic acid groups. Mesitylene mono-methylene phosphonic acid 1, which can be considered as the sterically encumbered modification of benzyl phosphonic acid, interestingly associates as a one-dimensional tubular structure through extensive O–H⋯O hydrogen bonding between adjacent –PO3H2 groups, albeit with no such interactions between the tubes due to the highly hydrophobic nature of the surface. The X-ray structure of mesitylene-1,3-diphosphonic acid 2 reveals that the molecules exhibit a syn-orientation of the –CH2PO3H2, which are involved in extensive POH⋯O hydrogen bonding to result in a two-dimensional layered structure. The presence of three –PO3H2 units on the same side of the mesitylene ring in 3 results in a three-dimensional framework solid. The present studies clearly reveal a linear relationship between the dimensionality of the supramolecular structure and the number of phosphonic acid moieties on the mesitylene ring.

Graphical abstract: One, two, and three methylene phosphonic acid groups (–CH2PO3H2) on a mesitylene ring: synthesis, characterization and aspects of supramolecular aggregation

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Nov 2009, accepted on 17 Mar 2010 and first published on 29 Apr 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B9NJ00691E
Citation: New J. Chem., 2010,34, 1846-1854
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    One, two, and three methylene phosphonic acid groups (–CH2PO3H2) on a mesitylene ring: synthesis, characterization and aspects of supramolecular aggregation

    R. Murugavel and M. P. Singh, New J. Chem., 2010, 34, 1846
    DOI: 10.1039/B9NJ00691E

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