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Issue 20, 2010
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Heronamides A–C, new polyketide macrolactams from an Australian marine-derived Streptomyces sp. A biosynthetic case for synchronized tandem electrocyclization

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Abstract

A Streptomyces sp. isolated from a shallow water sediment sample collected off Heron Island, Australia, afforded three new polyketide macrolactams, heronamides A–C (1–3). Structures were assigned to the heronamides on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analysis, chemical derivatization and biosynthetic considerations. A plausible biosynthetic pathway is proposed in which key carbocyclic ring transformations proceed via an unprecedented synchronized tandem electrocyclization. This biosynthesis provides a framework for the assignment of complete relative configurations across all heronamides, and inspires an attractive biomimetic strategy for future total syntheses. Heronamide C elicits a dramatic and reversible non-cytotoxic effect on mammalian cell morphology.

Graphical abstract: Heronamides A–C, new polyketide macrolactams from an Australian marine-derived Streptomyces sp. A biosynthetic case for synchronized tandem electrocyclization

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jun 2010, accepted on 22 Jul 2010 and first published on 23 Aug 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0OB00267D
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010,8, 4682-4689
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    Heronamides A–C, new polyketide macrolactams from an Australian marine-derived Streptomyces sp. A biosynthetic case for synchronized tandem electrocyclization

    R. Raju, A. M. Piggott, M. M. Conte and R. J. Capon, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2010, 8, 4682
    DOI: 10.1039/C0OB00267D

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