Nanotechnology has opened up new avenues towards ultra-sensitive, highly selective detection of biological molecules and toxic agents, as well as for therapeutic targeting and screening. Though the goals may seem singular, there is no universal method to identify or detect a molecular target. Each system is application-specific and must not only identify the target, but also transduce this interaction into a meaningful signal rapidly, reliably, and inexpensively. This review focuses on the current capabilities and future directions of DNA-based nanostructures in sensing and detection.
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