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Issue 19, 2010
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Microdevices integrating affinity columns and capillary electrophoresis for multibiomarker analysis in human serum

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Abstract

Biomarkers in human body fluids have great potential for use in screening for diseases such as cancer and diabetes, diagnosis, determining the effectiveness of treatments, and detecting recurrence. Present 96-well immunoassay technology effectively analyzes large numbers of samples; however, this approach is more expensive and less time effective on single or a few samples. In contrast, microfluidic systems are well suited for assaying small numbers of specimens in a point-of-care setting, provided suitable procedures are developed to work within peak capacity constraints when analyzing complex mixtures like human blood serum. Here, we developed integrated microdevices with an affinity column and capillary electrophoresis channels to isolate and quantitate a panel of proteins in complex matrices. To form an affinity column, a thin film of a reactive polymer was photopolymerized in a microchannel, and four antibodies were covalently immobilized to it. The retained protein amounts were consistent from chip to chip, demonstrating reproducibility. Furthermore, the signals from four fluorescently labeled proteins captured on-column were in the same range after rinsing, indicating the column has little bias toward any of the four antibodies or their antigens. These affinity columns have been integrated with capillary electrophoresis separation, enabling us to simultaneously quantify four protein biomarkers in human blood serum in the low ng mL−1 range using either a calibration curve or standard addition. Our systems provide a fast, integrated and automated platform for multiple biomarker quantitation in complex media such as human blood serum.

Graphical abstract: Microdevices integrating affinity columns and capillary electrophoresis for multibiomarker analysis in human serum

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 May 2010, accepted on 23 Jun 2010 and first published on 28 Jul 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C005288D
Citation: Lab Chip, 2010,10, 2527-2533
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    Microdevices integrating affinity columns and capillary electrophoresis for multibiomarker analysis in human serum

    W. Yang, M. Yu, X. Sun and A. T. Woolley, Lab Chip, 2010, 10, 2527
    DOI: 10.1039/C005288D

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