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Issue 6, 2010
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Surface acoustic wave actuated cell sorting (SAWACS)

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Abstract

We describe a novel microfluidic cell sorter which operates in continuous flow at high sorting rates. The device is based on a surface acoustic wave cell-sorting scheme and combines many advantages of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and fluorescence activated droplet sorting (FADS) in microfluidic channels. It is fully integrated on a PDMS device, and allows fast electronic control of cell diversion. We direct cells by acoustic streaming excited by a surface acoustic wave which deflects the fluid independently of the contrast in material properties of deflected objects and the continuous phase; thus the device underlying principle works without additional enhancement of the sorting by prior labelling of the cells with responsive markers such as magnetic or polarizable beads. Single cells are sorted directly from bulk media at rates as fast as several kHz without prior encapsulation into liquid droplet compartments as in traditional FACS. We have successfully directed HaCaT cells (human keratinocytes), fibroblasts from mice and MV3 melanoma cells. The low shear forces of this sorting method ensure that cells survive after sorting.

Graphical abstract: Surface acoustic wave actuated cell sorting (SAWACS)

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jul 2009, accepted on 02 Dec 2009 and first published on 12 Jan 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B915522H
Citation: Lab Chip, 2010,10, 789-794
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    Surface acoustic wave actuated cell sorting (SAWACS)

    T. Franke, S. Braunmüller, L. Schmid, A. Wixforth and D. A. Weitz, Lab Chip, 2010, 10, 789
    DOI: 10.1039/B915522H

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