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Issue 2, 2010
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Pourbaix-like phase diagram for lithium manganese spinels in acid

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Abstract

Calculations are performed on the free energies for proton-promoted reactions of the lithium-ion-battery electrode material LiMn2O4 spinel in acid, as a function of lithium excess and lithium deficiency relative to stoichiometry. In particular, we consider the dissolution reaction proposed by Hunter (J. Solid State Chem., 1981, 39, 142), in which protons react with lithium manganate spinel to form λ-MnO2, Li+, and Mn2+ products. The calculations employ a hybrid method developed in previous work in which first principles total energy calculations are applied for the solid phases and free atom energies, and tabulated ionization and hydration energies for the aqueous species. A correction to the atomic energies, derived from analysis of binary oxide dissolution reactions, improves the accuracy of the results. A Pourbaix-like dissolution/stability phase diagram is constructed from the resultant reaction free energies.

Graphical abstract: Pourbaix-like phase diagram for lithium manganese spinels in acid

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jul 2009, accepted on 08 Oct 2009 and first published on 09 Nov 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B913226K
Citation: J. Mater. Chem., 2010,20, 369-374
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    Pourbaix-like phase diagram for lithium manganese spinels in acid

    R. Benedek, M. M. Thackeray and A. van de Walle, J. Mater. Chem., 2010, 20, 369
    DOI: 10.1039/B913226K

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