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Issue 7, 2010
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Laboratory evaluation of a physiologic sampling pump (PSP)

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Recently, physiologic sampling pumps (PSPs), which can adjust their sampling rates in proportion to wearers’ minute ventilation ([V with combining dot above]E), have been proposed to better estimate exposure to airborne contaminants in the workplace. A laboratory evaluation was conducted to compare the performance of a new PSP with a traditional sampling pump (TSP) in an exposure chamber. Fifteen subjects (aged 19–36 years) performed two replicate sessions of step-tests for correlated and uncorrelated exposure scenarios on four separate days. When exposed to a scenario in which subject [V with combining dot above]E is highly correlated with m-xylene concentration over the sampling period (r = 0.93), the PSP-measured time-weighted average (TWA) concentrations are higher than TSP-measured concentrations (average ratio of PSP to TSP = 1.18). The ratio of PSP- and TSP-measured TWA concentrations for the uncorrelated scenario (r = 0.02) is closer to one, as expected, with an average value of 0.94. The test results of the linear mixed model further indicate that the performance of the PSP is unaffected by the anthropometric and physiological characteristics of the wearer. Potential differences in exposure estimates resulting from the use of the two instruments were examined in light of various schemes which can potentially occur in the field. With the capability of estimating the total volume of air inhaled over the sampling period with improved accuracy, PSPs show promise in reducing the inherent uncertainty in current risk assessment approaches that entail constant-flow (TSP) sampling approaches.

Graphical abstract: Laboratory evaluation of a physiologic sampling pump (PSP)

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Nov 2009, accepted on 12 Feb 2010 and first published on 19 Mar 2010

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B923986C
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2010,12, 1415-1421
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    Laboratory evaluation of a physiologic sampling pump (PSP)

    M. (. Lin, W. A. Groves, A. Freivalds, L. Lee, E. G. Lee, J. E. Slaven and M. Harper, J. Environ. Monit., 2010, 12, 1415
    DOI: 10.1039/B923986C

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