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Issue 35, 2010
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The status of platinum anticancer drugs in the clinic and in clinical trials

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Abstract

Since its approval in 1979 cisplatin has become an important component in chemotherapy regimes for the treatment of ovarian, testicular, lung and bladder cancers, as well as lymphomas, myelomas and melanoma. Unfortunately its continued use is greatly limited by severe dose limiting side effects and intrinsic or acquired drug resistance. Over the last 30 years, 23 other platinum-based drugs have entered clinical trials with only two (carboplatin and oxaliplatin) of these gaining international marketing approval, and another three (nedaplatin, lobaplatin and heptaplatin) gaining approval in individual nations. During this time there have been more failures than successes with the development of 14 drugs being halted during clinical trials. Currently there are four drugs in the various phases of clinical trial (satraplatin, picoplatin, Lipoplatin™ and ProLindac™). No new small molecule platinum drug has entered clinical trials since 1999 which is representative of a shift in focus away from drug design and towards drug delivery in the last decade. In this perspective article we update the status of platinum anticancer drugs currently approved for use, those undergoing clinical trials and those discontinued during clinical trials, and discuss the results in the context of where we believe the field will develop over the next decade.

Graphical abstract: The status of platinum anticancer drugs in the clinic and in clinical trials

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Apr 2010, accepted on 08 May 2010 and first published on 30 Jun 2010


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00292E
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 8113-8127
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    The status of platinum anticancer drugs in the clinic and in clinical trials

    N. J. Wheate, S. Walker, G. E. Craig and R. Oun, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 8113
    DOI: 10.1039/C0DT00292E

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