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Issue 36, 2010
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Immobilization of molecular catalysts in supported ionic liquid phases

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Abstract

In a supported ionic liquid phase (SILP) catalyst system, an ionic liquid (IL) film is immobilized on a high-surface area porous solid and a homogeneous catalyst is dissolved in this supported IL layer, thereby combining the attractive features of homogeneous catalysts with the benefits of heterogeneous catalysts. In this review reliable strategies for the immobilization of molecular catalysts in SILPs are surveyed. In the first part, general aspects concerning the application of SILP catalysts are presented, focusing on the type of catalyst, support, ionic liquid and reaction conditions. Secondly, organic reactions in which SILP technology is applied to improve the performance of homogeneous transition-metal catalysts are presented: hydroformylation, metathesis reactions, carbonylation, hydrogenation, hydroamination, coupling reactions and asymmetric reactions.

Graphical abstract: Immobilization of molecular catalysts in supported ionic liquid phases

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jan 2010, accepted on 18 Mar 2010 and first published on 23 Apr 2010


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C001285H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 8377-8390
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    Immobilization of molecular catalysts in supported ionic liquid phases

    C. Van Doorslaer, J. Wahlen, P. Mertens, K. Binnemans and D. De Vos, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 8377
    DOI: 10.1039/C001285H

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