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Issue 24, 2010
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The digallane molecule, Ga2H6: experimental update giving an improved structure and estimate of the enthalpy change for the reaction Ga2H6(g) → 2GaH3(g)

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Abstract

Improved methods of analysis and new quantum chemical calculations have been applied to the results of earlier gas-phase electron diffraction (GED) studies of digallane to give what is judged to be the most realistic structure available to date. The principal distances (ra3,1 in pm) and interbond angles (a3,1 in deg) are as follows (t = terminal, b = bridging): r(Ga⋯Ga) 254.9(2), r(Ga−Ht) 155.0(6), r(Ga−Hb) 172.3(6), ∠Ga−Hb−Ga 95.4(5), and ∠Ht−Ga−Ht 128.6(9). Scrutiny of the IR spectra of solid Ar matrices doped with the vapour above solid samples of gallane at temperatures in the range 190-220 K reveals the presence of not only Ga2H6 as the major component, but also a significant fraction of the monomer GaH3. Analysis of the relative proportions of the two molecules evaporating from the solid at different temperatures has led to a first experimental estimate of 59 ± 16 kJ mol−1 for the enthalpy change associated with the reaction Ga2H6(g) → 2GaH3(g). Together with a value of 52 kJ mol−1 delivered by fresh calculations at the MP2 level, this implies that the stability of the dimer with respect to dissociation has been overrated by earlier theoretical treatments.

Graphical abstract: The digallane molecule, Ga2H6: experimental update giving an improved structure and estimate of the enthalpy change for the reaction Ga2H6(g) → 2GaH3(g)

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jan 2010, accepted on 30 Mar 2010 and first published on 23 Apr 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C000694G
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2010,39, 5637-5642
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    The digallane molecule, Ga2H6: experimental update giving an improved structure and estimate of the enthalpy change for the reaction Ga2H6(g) → 2GaH3(g)

    A. J. Downs, T. M. Greene, E. Johnsen, C. R. Pulham, H. E. Robertson and D. A. Wann, Dalton Trans., 2010, 39, 5637
    DOI: 10.1039/C000694G

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