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Issue 5, 2010
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Electrochemical biosensors

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Abstract

Electrochemical biosensors combine the sensitivity of electroanalytical methods with the inherent bioselectivity of the biological component. The biological component in the sensor recognizes its analyte resulting in a catalytic or binding event that ultimately produces an electrical signal monitored by a transducer that is proportional to analyte concentration. Some of these sensor devices have reached the commercial stage and are routinely used in clinical, environmental, industrial, and agricultural applications. The two classes of electrochemical biosensors, biocatalytic devices and affinity sensors, will be discussed in this critical review to provide an accessible introduction to electrochemical biosensors for any scientist (110 references).

Graphical abstract: Electrochemical biosensors

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Nov 2008 and first published on 01 Feb 2010


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/B714449K
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2010,39, 1747-1763
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    Electrochemical biosensors

    N. J. Ronkainen, H. B. Halsall and W. R. Heineman, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2010, 39, 1747
    DOI: 10.1039/B714449K

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