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Issue 38, 2010
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“Cloud” assemblies: quantum dots form electrostatically bound dynamic nebulae around large gold nanoparticles

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Abstract

Dynamic self-assembled structures of nanoparticles can be produced using predominantly electrostatic interactions. Such assemblies were made from large, positively charged Au metal nanoparticles surrounded by an electrostatically bound cloud of smaller, negatively charged CdSe/ZnS or CdTe quantum dots. At low concentrations they are topologically similar to double electric layers of ions and corona-like assemblies linked by polymer chains. They can also be compared to the topological arrangement of some planetary systems in space. The great advantages of the cloud assemblies are (1) their highly dynamic nature compared to more rigid covalently bound assemblies, (2) simplicity of preparation, and (3) exceptional versatility in components and resulting optical properties. Photoluminescence intensity enhancement originating from quantum resonance between excitons and plasmons was observed for CdSe/ZnS quantum dots, although CdTe dots displayed emission quenching. To evaluate more attentively their dynamic behavior, emission data were collected for the cloud-assemblies with different ratios of the components and ionic strengths of the media. The emission of the system passes through a maximum for 80 QDs  1 Au NP as determined by the structure of the assemblies and light absorption conditions. Ionic strength dependence of luminescence intensity contradicts the predictions based on the Gouy–Chapman theory and osmotic pressure at high ionic strengths due to formation of larger chaotic colloidally stable assemblies. “Cloud” assemblies made from different nanoscale components can be used both for elucidation of most fundamental aspects of nanoparticle interactions, as well as for practical purposes in sensing and biology.

Graphical abstract: “Cloud” assemblies: quantum dots form electrostatically bound dynamic nebulae around large gold nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Apr 2010, accepted on 24 Jun 2010 and first published on 29 Jul 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00186D
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 11878-11884
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    “Cloud” assemblies: quantum dots form electrostatically bound dynamic nebulae around large gold nanoparticles

    G. D. Lilly, J. Lee and N. A. Kotov, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 11878
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CP00186D

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