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Issue 10, 2010
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Theory of nitride oxide adsorption on transition metal (111) surfaces: a first-principles investigation

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Abstract

In this work, we report a density functional theory study of nitric oxide (NO) adsorption on close-packed transition metal (TM) Rh(111), Ir(111), Pd(111) and Pt(111) surfaces in terms of adsorption sites, binding mechanism and charge transfer at a coverage of ΘNO = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75 monolayer (ML). Based on our study, an unified picture for the interaction between NO and TM(111) and site preference is established, and valuable insights are obtained. At low coverage (0.25 ML), we find that the interaction of NO/TM(111) is determined by an electron donation and back-donation process via the interplay between NO 5σ/2π* and TM d-bands. The extent of the donation and back-donation depends critically on the coordination number (adsorption sites) and TM d-band filling, and plays an essential role for NO adsorption on TM surfaces. DFT calculations shows that for TMs with high d-band filling such as Pd and Pt, hollow-site NO is energetically the most favorable, and top-site NO prefers to tilt away from the normal direction. While for TMs with low d-band filling (Rh and Ir), top-site NO perpendicular to the surfaces is energetically most favorable. Electronic structure analysis show that irrespective of the TM and adsorption site, there is a net charge transfer from the substrate to the adsorbate due to overwhelming back-donation from the TM substrate to the adsorbed NO molecules. The adsorption-induced change of the work function with respect to bare surfaces and dipole moment is however site dependent, and the work function increases for hollow-site NO, but decreases for top-site NO, because of differences in the charge redistribution. The interplay between the energetics, lateral interaction and charge transfer, which is element dependent, rationalizes the structural evolution of NO adsorption on TM(111) surfaces in the submonolayer regime.

Graphical abstract: Theory of nitride oxide adsorption on transition metal (111) surfaces: a first-principles investigation

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Oct 2009, accepted on 18 Dec 2009 and first published on 26 Jan 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B920857G
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 2459-2470
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    Theory of nitride oxide adsorption on transition metal (111) surfaces: a first-principles investigation

    Z. Zeng, J. L. F. Da Silva and W. Li, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 2459
    DOI: 10.1039/B920857G

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