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Issue 18, 2010
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The photodissociation dynamics of N-nitrosopyrrolidine from the first and second excited singlet states studied by velocity map imaging

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Abstract

The photodissociation reaction of N-nitrosopyrrolidine isolated and cooled in a supersonic jet has been studied following excitation to the S1 and S2 electronic states. The nascent NO ([X with combining tilde]2Π½,[fraction three-over-two], v, j) radicals were ionized by state-selective (1 + 1)-REMPI via the A2Σ+ state. The angularly resolved velocity distribution of these ions was measured with the velocity-map imaging (VMI) technique. Photodissociation from S1 produces NO in the vibrational ground state and the pyrrolidine radical in the electronic ground state 1 2B. About 73% of the excess energy is converted into kinetic energy of the fragments. The velocity distribution shows a strong negative anisotropy (β = −0.9) in accordance with the nπ*-character of the S0 → S1 transition. An upper limit for the N–NO dissociation energy of (14 640 ± 340) cm−1 is determined. We conclude that photodissociation from S1 occurs very fast on a completely repulsive potential energy surface. Excitation into the S2 ππ*-state leads to a bimodal velocity distribution. Two dissociation channels can be distinguished which show both positive anisotropy (β = 1.3 and 1.6) but differ considerably in the total kinetic energy and the rotational energy of the NO fragment. We assign one channel to the direct dissociation on the S2 potential energy surface, leading to pyrrolidine radicals in the excited electronic state 1 2A. The second channel leads to pyrrolidine in the electronic ground state 1 2B, presumably after crossing to the S1 state via a conical intersection.

Graphical abstract: The photodissociation dynamics of N-nitrosopyrrolidine from the first and second excited singlet states studied by velocity map imaging

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Oct 2009, accepted on 15 Dec 2009 and first published on 28 Jan 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B920547K
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 4644-4655
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    The photodissociation dynamics of N-nitrosopyrrolidine from the first and second excited singlet states studied by velocity map imaging

    A. M. Wenge, U. Kensy and B. Dick, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 4644
    DOI: 10.1039/B920547K

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