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Issue 17, 2010
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Synthesis and characterization of RuO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) composite nanotubes for supercapacitors

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Abstract

We report the synthesis of composite RuO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) nanotubes with high specific capacitance and fast charging/discharging capability as well as their potential application as electrode materials for a high-energy and high-power supercapacitor. RuO2/PEDOT nanotubes were synthesized in a porous alumina membrane by a step-wise electrochemical deposition method, and their structures were characterized using electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry was used to qualitatively characterize the capacitive properties of the composite RuO2/PEDOT nanotubes. Their specific capacitance, energy density and power density were evaluated by galvanostatic charge/discharge cycles at various current densities. The pseudocapacitance behavior of these composite nanotubes originates from ion diffusion during the simultaneous and parallel redox processes of RuO2 and PEDOT. We show that the energy density (specific capacitance) of PEDOT nanotubes can be remarkably enhanced by electrodepositing RuO2 into their porous walls and onto their rough internal surfaces. The flexible PEDOT prevents the RuO2 from breaking and detaching from the current collector while the rigid RuO2 keeps the PEDOT nanotubes from collapsing and aggregating. The composite RuO2/PEDOT nanotube can reach a high power density of 20 kW kg−1 while maintaining 80% energy density (28 Wh kg−1) of its maximum value. This high power capability is attributed to the fast charge/discharge of nanotubular structures: hollow nanotubes allow counter-ions to readily penetrate into the composite material and access their internal surfaces, while a thin wall provides a short diffusion distance to facilitate ion transport. The high energy density originates from the RuO2, which can store high electrical/electrochemical energy intrinsically. The high specific capacitance (1217 F g−1) which is contributed by the RuO2 in the composite RuO2/PEDOT nanotube is realized because of the high specific surface area of the nanotubular structures. Such PEDOT/RuO2 composite nanotube materials are an ideal candidate for the development of high-energy and high-power supercapacitors.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and characterization of RuO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) composite nanotubes for supercapacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Sep 2009, accepted on 18 Nov 2009 and first published on 18 Jan 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B918589P
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010,12, 4309-4316
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    Synthesis and characterization of RuO2/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) composite nanotubes for supercapacitors

    R. Liu, J. Duay, T. Lane and S. Bok Lee, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2010, 12, 4309
    DOI: 10.1039/B918589P

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