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Issue 10, 2009
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Stable ‘soap and water’ sponges doped with metal nanoparticles

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Abstract

This paper presents various aspects of surfactant/oil/water L3 phases. Although these so-called ‘sponge phases’ are usually stable only within a narrow temperature range, we show here that they can be stabilized over a larger phase space by doping with metal nanoparticle suspensions. We make and study sponge-phase samples doped with Au, Ag, and Pd aquasols and organosols. Remarkably, Pd-doped sponge phases are stable up to temperatures as high as 50 °C. Polarised microscopy studies as well as small-angle X-ray scattering measurements (SAXS) confirm that the nanoparticles are indeed incorporated in the sponge phase membrane. Moreover, rheological measurements show that, unlike the undoped samples, metal-doped sponge phases exhibit reversible phase transitions under shear stress. The various factors that control the stability and special optical properties of these metal-doped sponge phases are outlined and discussed.

Graphical abstract: Stable ‘soap and water’ sponges doped with metal nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Aug 2008, accepted on 26 Jan 2009, published on 05 Mar 2009 and first published online on 05 Mar 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B814395A
Citation: Soft Matter, 2009,5, 1994-1999
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    Stable ‘soap and water’ sponges doped with metal nanoparticles

    A. V. Gaikwad, P. Verschuren, T. van der Loop, G. Rothenberg and E. Eiser, Soft Matter, 2009, 5, 1994
    DOI: 10.1039/B814395A

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