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Issue 13, 2009
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Microfluidics for cryopreservation

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Abstract

Minimizing cell damage throughout the cryopreservation process is critical to enhance the overall outcome. Osmotic shock sustained during the loading and unloading of cryoprotectants (CPAs) is a major source of cell damage during the cryopreservation process. We introduce a microfluidic approach to minimize osmotic shock to cells during cryopreservation. This approach allows us to control the loading and unloading of CPAs in microfluidic channels using diffusion and laminar flow. We provide a theoretical explanation of how the microfluidic approach minimizes osmotic shock in comparison to conventional cryopreservation protocols viacell membrane transport modeling. Finally, we show that biological experiments are consistent with the proposed mathematical model. The results indicate that our novel microfluidic-based approach improves post-thaw cell survivability by up to 25% on average over conventional cryopreservation protocols. The method developed in this study provides a platform to cryopreserve cells with higher viability, functionality, and minimal inter-technician variability. This method introduces microfluidic technologies to the field of biopreservation, opening the door to future advancements at the interface of these fields.

Graphical abstract: Microfluidics for cryopreservation

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Dec 2008, accepted on 12 Mar 2009 and first published on 31 Mar 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B823062E
Citation: Lab Chip, 2009,9, 1874-1881
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    Microfluidics for cryopreservation

    Y. S. Song, S. Moon, L. Hulli, S. K. Hasan, E. Kayaalp and U. Demirci, Lab Chip, 2009, 9, 1874
    DOI: 10.1039/B823062E

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