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Issue 12, 2009
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A microfluidic chip for electrochemical conversions in drug metabolism studies

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Abstract

We have designed a microfluidic microreactor chip for electrochemical conversion of analytes, containing a palladium reference electrode and platinum working and counter electrodes. The counter electrode is placed in a separate side-channel on chip to prevent unwanted side-products appearing in the measured spectrograms. Using this chip, cyclic voltammograms are measured in volumes of 9.6 nL. Furthermore the conversion efficiency of ferricyanide is characterized using UV/vis-spectroscopy. We have obtained an on-line conversion of 97% using a flow rate of 1 µL/min. We have used the microreactor chip to study the electrochemical metabolism pathway of amodiaquine using electrochemistry (EC)-liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS). We have compared our results with measurements obtained with commercially available electrochemical flow-through cells. Using our chip it was possible to obtain similar results. Therefore, we have fabricated an electrochemical cell on-chip which is used successfully in EC-UV/vis and EC-LC-MS experiments.

Graphical abstract: A microfluidic chip for electrochemical conversions in drug metabolism studies

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Dec 2008, accepted on 02 Mar 2009 and first published on 23 Mar 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B822962G
Citation: Lab Chip, 2009,9, 1687-1693
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    A microfluidic chip for electrochemical conversions in drug metabolism studies

    M. Odijk, A. Baumann, W. Lohmann, F. T. G. van den Brink, W. Olthuis, U. Karst and A. van den Berg, Lab Chip, 2009, 9, 1687
    DOI: 10.1039/B822962G

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