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Issue 1, 2009
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Polymer monolith microextraction combined with electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of trace Cd, Tl, and Pb in human serum and urine

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Abstract

A novel method of polymer monolith microextraction (PMME) using a poly(acrylamide-vinylpyridine-N,N′-methylene bisacrylamide) (AA-VP-Bis) monolithic column combined with electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ETV-ICP-MS) for the determination of trace Cd, Tl, and Pb with Pd as chemical modifier has been proposed. Several factors that influence the microextraction efficiency including pH value, sample flow rate, extraction time, sample volume, eluent volume, and coexisting ions, were investigated and the optimal microextraction conditions were established. The chemical modification of Pd in ETV-ICP-MS has been studied and the results indicated that the pyrolysis temperature for the target analytes could be increased up to 600 °C and the signal intensities were increased by 4.1, 2.1, and 13.8 times for Cd, Tl, and Pb, respectively. Under the optimized conditions, with a consumption of 0.4 mL sample, the limits of detection (LODs) were 1.1, 0.5, and 0.2 ng L−1 for Cd, Tl, and Pb, and the relative standard deviations (RSDs) were 10.3, 9.7, and 9.2% (C = 0.05 µg L−1, n = 5) for Cd, Tl, and Pb, respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of trace Cd, Tl, and Pb in human serum and urine samples, and the recovery for the spiked samples were in the range of 90–110%. In order to validate the proposed method, certified reference material of GBW09103 human urine was analyzed, and the determined values were in good agreement with the certified values. The poly(AA-VP-Bis) monolith can be used more than 40 times without decrease in the extraction efficiency.

Graphical abstract: Polymer monolith microextraction combined with electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of trace Cd, Tl, and Pb in human serum and urine

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Jun 2008, accepted on 24 Sep 2008 and first published on 24 Oct 2008


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B810442E
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2009,24, 76-82
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    Polymer monolith microextraction combined with electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the determination of trace Cd, Tl, and Pb in human serum and urine

    J. Yin, B. Hu, M. He, M. Zheng and Y. Feng, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2009, 24, 76
    DOI: 10.1039/B810442E

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