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Issue 12, 2009
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Parameterization of meteorological variables in the process of infiltration of outdoor ultrafine particles into a residential building

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Abstract

As part of the Brooklyn Traffic Real-Time Ambient Pollutant Penetration and Environmental Dispersion (B-TRAPPED) study, a field investigation was conducted of the mechanisms involved in infiltration of outdoor particles (0.02 μm to 1 μm) into a near-highway urban residential building. Using continuous real-time total number concentration time-series data measured simultaneously at multiple outdoor and indoor locations, the infiltration time was estimated for various indoor sites by using the cross-correlation analysis method. 

The effects of meteorological variables on infiltration times were also characterized at given locations. In particular, infiltration time was examined as a function of outdoor mean rooftop wind speed. Outdoor and indoor temperature and relative humidity were also investigated in relation to infiltration times. Our results showed that outdoor wind speed was the dominant meteorological parameter affecting the infiltration rate, but no correlation was found with temperature. The outdoor–indoor PM concentration ratio was found to be significantly different for the first and second floors of the test building. Finally, we determined the effectiveness of a protective shelter-in-place area inside the building by calculating infiltration times into the area. We found that the shelter-in-place area offered some protection against the infiltrating particles because of increased attenuation of the outdoor concentration.

Graphical abstract: Parameterization of meteorological variables in the process of infiltration of outdoor ultrafine particles into a residential building

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2009, accepted on 28 Sep 2009 and first published on 29 Oct 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B907140G
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2009,11, 2192-2200
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    Parameterization of meteorological variables in the process of infiltration of outdoor ultrafine particles into a residential building

    I. Hahn, L. A. Brixey, R. W. Wiener and S. W. Henkle, J. Environ. Monit., 2009, 11, 2192
    DOI: 10.1039/B907140G

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