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Issue 12, 2009
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The effect of a tall tower on flow and dispersion through a model urban neighborhood
Part 2. Pollutant dispersion

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Abstract

This article is the second in a two-paper series presenting results from wind tunnel and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations of flow and dispersion in an idealized model urban neighborhood. Pollutant dispersion results are presented and discussed for a model neighborhood that was characterized by regular city blocks of three-story row houses with a single 12-story tower located at the downwind edge of one of these blocks. The tower had three significant effects on pollutant dispersion in the surrounding street canyons: drawing the plume laterally towards the tower, greatly enhancing the vertical dispersion of the plume in the wake of the tower, and significantly decreasing the residence time of pollutants in the wake of the tower. In the wind tunnel, tracer gas released in the avenue lee of the tower, but several blocks away laterally, was pulled towards the tower and lifted in the wake of the tower. The same lateral movement of the pollutant was seen in the next avenue, which was approximately 2.5 tower heights downwind of the tower. The tower also served to ventilate the street canyon directly in its wake more rapidly than the surrounding areas. This was evidenced by CFD simulations of concentration decay where the residence time of pollutants lee of the 12-story tower was found to be less than half the residence time behind a neighboring three-story building. This same phenomenon of rapid vertical dispersion lee of a tower among an array of smaller buildings was also demonstrated in a separate set of wind tunnel experiments using an array of cubical blocks. A similar decrease in the residence time was observed when the height of one block was increased.

Graphical abstract: The effect of a tall tower on flow and dispersion through a model urban neighborhood Part 2. Pollutant dispersion

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Apr 2009, accepted on 28 Sep 2009 and first published on 06 Nov 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B907137G
Citation: J. Environ. Monit., 2009,11, 2171-2179
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    The effect of a tall tower on flow and dispersion through a model urban neighborhood

    L. A. Brixey, D. K. Heist, J. Richmond-Bryant, G. E. Bowker, S. G. Perry and R. W. Wiener, J. Environ. Monit., 2009, 11, 2171
    DOI: 10.1039/B907137G

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